2018年7月20日 星期五

The Thai Cave Rescue: What Are the Leadership Lessons? Tham Luang岩洞救難團隊英雄及John Volanthen、Richard Harris先生

         成功解救少年足球隊的泰國海軍海豹特種部隊潛水員們12號在曼谷機場受到英雄式的歡迎。在援救行動中有13名外國潛水人員和5名泰國海軍潛水員將12名少年足球隊員和他們的教練帶出Tham Luang岩洞。

用英國人John Volanthen 搜索網路,資料不少,多與此次泰國兒童足球隊受困的救難相關。
John Volanthen先生回去前接受訪談,說,救難團隊非英雄,是個龐大的國際合作,它們的行事多經過計算 (它們是CALCULATING的),一步接一步去做.......

Thailand cave rescue: The Brits who helped find the boys - BBC News


2018/07/03 - The first voice 12 young Thai footballers and their coach heard after nine days trapped in caves was that of Briton John Volanthen. "How many of you?" he asked. "Thirteen? Brilliant." It meant that, finally, they had been found.

We are not heroes, says John Volanthen, British diver who helped to ...

https://www.thetimes.co.uk/.../we-are-not-heroes-says-british-diver-... - このページを訳す
12 時間前 - One of the British divers who helped to save 12 schoolboys and their football coach from a flooded cave in Thailand arrived back in Britain today, declaring: “We are not heroes.”John Volanthenand Rick Stanton were the first ...

British divers who rescued trapped Thai boys from cave reject ...

www.dailymail.co.uk/.../British-divers-rescued-trapped-Thai-boys-c... - このページを訳す
1 日前 - British hero divers, John Volanthen, left, with Rick Stanton, at a party thrown in their honour at the Le Meridien hotel in Chiang Rai, northern Thailand after they helped rescue 12 schoolboys and their football coach from a ...


.......我來跟各位報告一下這一次能夠把12 個小孩(+1個年輕小教練) 救出來的不可思議的巧合 :1. 那個年輕小教練曾經做過八年的和尚,曾經獨自在山洞裡修行,知道如何在洞穴內取得乾淨的水喝而不至生病。也知道如何在陰暗的山洞裡面靜坐禪修而不消耗體力。這些取乾淨的水喝以及靜坐保養體力,這些經驗在這一次都用得上,小孩子在經過那麽多天暗無天日以及完全沒有食物近10天的日子還可以活得有精神有禮貌。
2. 出事地點的省長,根據法律被任命為這一次拯救行動的總指揮。他本身在大學研究所讀書時主修的是大地測量學,它是一門量測和描繪地球表面的學科。對於了解地形結構及策劃出整個拯救行動的是會有極大的幫助。
3. John Volanthen the British Cave diver who first found the missing boys說:我一直懷疑我為什麽對cave diving那麽著迷,當我發現那些小孩,我知道上帝一輩子在準備我來為了讓我來做這一件事。
此歌星的名字是古語,名字的意思就是"Wild Boar "。而Wild Boar 就是這一次被關在山洞裡面的小孩子的球隊的名字。.....



The Thai Cave Rescue: What Are the Leadership Lessons?

A committed Thai government, a provincial governor’s rallying spirit and the grit of the trapped young men saved the day, say experts.

The Thai Cave Rescue: What Are the Leadership Lessons?

It was his rare combination of talents that led Australian doctor Richard Harris deep into the Tham Luang cave in Thailand.
When the Wild Boars football team was located deep inside the cave, after being missing for a week, the Adelaide anaesthetist abandoned his holiday in Thailand and volunteered to help.
He went in to assess the boys' health and stayed with them for three days.
It was under his direction that the weakest boys were first led out with the others successfully following in the complex operation.

Dr Harris, known as Harry, is believed to have been one of the last rescuers out of the cave.


Few experiences bring the finest display of management principles as the Tham Luang Cave Rescue, an 18-day saga that played out over recent weeks in a Thai forest reserve. Twelve boys, ages 11-16, and their soccer coach braved hunger, thirst, darkness and despair inside the flooded cave system before they were rescued.
The episode holds exemplary lessons of leadership and large-heartedness, according to Wharton management professor Michael Useem and Andrew Eavis, U.K.-based president of the International Union of Speleology, an organization devoted to the study of caves. They discussed the salient takeaways from the rescue mission on the Knowledge@Wharton show on Wharton Business Radio on SiriusXM channel 111. (Listen to the podcast at the top of this page.)
The rescue effort was a carefully coordinated strategy involving multiple groups, including dozens of the world’s best divers and cave experts; some 10,000 volunteers; individuals and organizations that brought in pumps; and farmers who willingly allowed pumped out water inundate and kill their crops. The Thai government contributed funding as well as medical, logistical and administrative support. All that happened as the world watched the rescue effort unfold by the minute, brought to them by the roughly 1,500 journalists who had descended on Mae Sai, the town nearest to the caves and on the Thailand-Myanmar border. Elon Musk, the billionaire founder of Tesla and SpaceX, brought a mini-submarine to the rescue effort, but it wasn’t used.

It began with an urge for an extra bit of adventure. On June 23, the 12 members of the Wild Boars soccer team and their 25-year-old assistant coach strayed too far beyond tourist limits at the Tham Luang Nang Non cave in northern Thailand. It was the wet season, and torrential rains flooded the six-mile maze of caves, forcing the boys and their coach to move further inside to an elevated, dry place. Rescue teams found them 10 days later, after using maps provided by Vernon Unsworth, a British spelunker (or cave explorer) who knew the Tham Luang cave system well. Incessant rains prevented an immediate rescue, which eventually began on July 7.
“People who are under dire circumstances with a leadership responsibility have to step forward and exercise it.”–Michael Useem
Brain Power and Muscle
Over the next four days, a team of 18 divers that included Thai SEALs, and British and American divers, rescued each of the trapped individuals one by one, although they were emaciated and had minor health issues. “It was a matter of muscle and brainpower,” said Useem, who is also director of Wharton’s Center for Leadership and Change Management, quoting a news report on the rescue.
While the equipment used in the rescue made up the muscle, Useem said the brainpower came from people such as Narongsak Osatanakorn, the former governor of Chiang Rai province, to whom the Thai government entrusted the task of coordinating the rescue effort. Osatanakorn’s prime tasks included leading the 10,000 rescuers onsite to a common strategy, and “he brought discipline, organization and decisive decision-making,” he added.
Eavis described how the young men got into progressively deeper trouble inside the cave. “What we had was a tourist cave going for something like half a mile…. Beyond that, there were two small passages, and these boys and the coach initially got over-adventurous and they went beyond the show cave and up one of these smaller passages. When they were up there, a wall of water came down…. Some of these boys knew the cave — they’d been in there before — so I suspect they knew that there was a high-level area [further in] where they could go to stop themselves from drowning. And that’s where they were for two weeks in the end.”
Tragedy had struck a day before the rescue effort, when Saman Kunam, a retired Thai navy diver, died from oxygen deprivation as he went about setting up oxygen tanks inside the caves for the benefit of the trapped and the rescue teams. “Aside from that terrible, terrible loss of life, this is a miracle,” said Useem, noting that initial estimates had said it would take up to four months to complete the rescue.
Three-pronged Approach
According to Useem, the rescue effort relied on a three-pronged strategy. One was the Thai government that sent money, supplies, Army personnel and other resources. The second was Osatanakorn and his disciplined leadership. Useem quoted Osatanakorn as telling the volunteers, “Anyone who cannot make enough sacrifices can go home and stay with their families. You can sign out and leave straight away. I will not report any of you. But for those who want to work, you must be ready any second, and then just think of them as our own children.”
The third prong was the group of 13 young men that were trapped deep inside the cave. Although the coach, Ekapol Chanthawong, has been criticized for leading the boys too far inside the caves, he encouraged them to stretch the limited food they had and battery life left in their flashlight, and to stay positive. “The government, an onsite leader and then [the trapped people] inside the cave pulled it together,” said Useem.
“The cave divers did the sharp end. But they had a great deal of help and a huge number of people facilitating that.”–Andrew Eavis
Chanthawong also taught the boys to stay calm with meditation, according to a Washington Post report. A Buddhist monk who knew Chanthawong sent him a note inside a plastic bottle through one of the divers who went inside, the report adds. The note read: “Be patient. Try to build your encouragement from the inside. This energy will give you the power to survive.”
Useem recalled the Copiapo mine accident in Chile in August 2010, when a cave-in trapped 33 miners, and they were rescued after 69 days. Like the Thai soccer team, the miners spent their time in near total darkness as they were confined 2,300 feet below the ground. In that situation, it was foreman Luis Urzua who kept the miners focused on survival.
Useem said Chanthawong helped the boys find potable water as well. “Apparently, he demonstrated to the boys that if you were very careful coming up against a wall, there was a bit of a water drip and if you got your tongue out, you could actually get some fresh water,” he said. “The rescuers on the surface or at the mouth of the cave couldn’t have done a thing if they got there and the boys had not survived.”
Eavis noted that the age difference between the assistant coach (who was 25) and the boys (aged up to 16) was small. “I don’t know how much control the coach had over them,” he said. “But we know how much he was instrumental in them going in and how much he was instrumental in planning their survival.”
Useem saw the crisis as a calling to the leadership reserve in Chanthawong. “He got them into the mess to begin with, but once there, he held it together himself. People who are under dire circumstances with a leadership responsibility have to step forward and exercise it. And the reports are that he was able to do that indeed.”
The divers had among the most challenging of tasks, but fortunately had to deal with minimal bureaucracy. “The cave divers did the sharp end,” said Eavis. “But they had a great deal of help and a huge number of people facilitating that. The Thai authorities were not very slow at paying the airfares and getting the teams there. And then once they realized what the situation was, they facilitated what the divers wanted. It’s a different world when you’re diving underwater underground. [It’s] crawling along tight passages, full of water … and it is not something that many over-water divers are very comfortable with.” It helped that underwater cave exploration was a hobby for those divers, he added.
“When there is an emergency like this, people step forward expecting no compensation, no material consequence because of the circumstances.”–Michael Useem
Technical Feat
Managing the technical aspects of the rescue was another feat, said Useem. He pointed out that one of the four Thai SEALs who went in and stayed with the trapped soccer team was also a physician. The rescue team had to plan how they would go about the evacuation of those that were trapped, which they ultimately made way for by pumping out about a half billion gallons of water, which he described as “a huge engineering problem.”
Pumping out that water into neighboring Thai farmers’ fields also facilitated the rescue, Useem said, noting that the farmers declined to accept compensation the Thai government offered them for crop losses. “When there is an emergency like this, people step forward expecting no compensation, no material consequence because of the circumstances,” he added, commending especially the divers who participated in the rescue. “And that was demonstrated in spades here as it was back in Chile.”
Eavis pictured the situation the very first set of divers must have faced as they went deep inside the cave. “It’s incredibly dark. It’s something that you need to experience for a while to really understand; literally, you don’t know whether your eyes are open or closed and you suddenly find that the dial on your wristwatch is incredibly bright and that is pretty extraordinary,” he said.

“The first very important thing was two divers getting through to start with, and I know they had a real struggle to get through because they were fighting against the current in the water,” Eavis noted. “They almost gave up, but when they did get through the first time, they took a big rope with them and secured it through so that they could then pull themselves through using the rope on subsequent journeys. So that first trip was the really important one. If they hadn’t made it, and if the currents had been a bit stronger or the passage had been a bit smaller, or they hadn’t possibly been quite so brave, the lads would have still been sitting there.”