Congress Looks at Hip-Hop Language
Filed at 3:26 p.m. ET
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Two rappers, sitting side-by-side in an ornate House hearing room, went in different directions Monday on the need for hip hop artists to expunge their work of sexist and violent language.
One, Master P, apologized to women for past songs that demeaned them, while another was defiant.
Former gangsta rapper Master P, whose real name is Percy Miller, told a House Energy and Commerce subcommittee hearing that he is now committed to producing clean lyrics. The angry music of his past, he said, came from seeing relatives and friends shot and killed.
But he said now that he doesn't want his own children to listen to his music, ''so if I can do anything to change this, I'm going to take a stand and do that.''
''I want to apologize to all the women out there,'' he said. ''I was honestly wrong.''
But rapper and record producer Levell Crump, known as David Banner, was defiant as lawmakers pressed him on his use of offensive language. ''I'm like Stephen King: horror music is what I do,'' he said in testimony laced with swear words. ''Change the situation in my neighborhood and maybe I'll get better,'' he told one member of Congress.
The two rappers were joined by music industry executives and scholars. They disagreed over who was to blame for sexist and degrading language in hip-hop music but were united in opposing government censorship as a solution.
''If by some stroke of the pen hip-hop was silenced, the issues would still be present in our communities,'' Crump said. ''Drugs, violence, sexism and the criminal element were around long before hip-hop existed.''
At the hearing, music videos showing scantily clad women were played; music executives in dark suits testified on the uses of the ''B,'' H'' and ''N'' words, and black civil rights leaders talked of corporate exploitation.
''We have allowed greedy corporate executives -- especially those in the entertainment industry -- to lead many of our young people to believe that it is OK to entertain themselves by destroying the culture of our people,'' E. Faye Williams, chair of the National Congress of Black Women, said.
''From Imus to Industry: The business of stereotypes and degrading images'' was the title of the hearing, referring to former radio host Don Imus, who lost his job after making derogatory comments about the Rutgers women's basketball team. The Imus incident has sparked debate within the music industry about black artists using offensive, misogynist and violent language.
''This hearing is not anti-hip-hop. I am a fan of hip-hop,'' said subcommittee chairman Bobby Rush, D-Ill., who gained national prominence in the 1960s as the founder of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panthers. But he said there was a need ''to address the issue of violence, hate and degradation that has reduced too many of our youngsters to automatons.''
Record company executives defended the parental guidance labels and edited versions they said keep the more controversial material away from children and stressed that uniform standards or censorship won't work.
In the '50s people were deeply offended by Elvis Presley, and a decade later many were scandalized by The Beatles and The Rolling Stones, said Edgar Bronfman Jr., chairman and CEO of Warner Music Group.
''We have a responsibility to speak authentically to our viewers,'' said Philippe Dauman, president & CEO of Viacom Inc., which owns such cable networks as MTV, Comedy Central, Nickelodeon and BET.
He said his company takes an active role in editing obscenities out of music videos and excising gang symbols or portrayals of violence, but ''we also believe that it is not our role to censor the creative expression of artists.''
Alfred Liggins III, chief executive officer of Radio One, Inc., one of the largest media companies that primarily serves African-Americans, said the company reviews the contents of songs before broadcasting them and takes care to comply with Federal Communications Commission guidelines. But ''Radio One is also not in charge of creating content, or in the business of censorship or determining what is in good or bad taste.''
The hearing was reminiscent of, although tamer than, a similar event in 1985. At the earlier hearing, lawmakers where exposed to Van Halen's ''Hot for Teacher'' and Twisted Sister's ''We're Not Going to Take It,'' and the late rocker Frank Zappa hurled insults at Tipper Gore, wife of then-Sen. Al Gore, and Susan Baker, wife of then Treasury Secretary James Baker, who were urging the recording industry to voluntarily police itself on song lyrics.
On the Net:
House Energy and Commerce Committee: http://energycommerce.house.gov/