2014年1月9日 星期四




Regulations Will Increase Commercialization of Wild Animals, Experts Say

The proposals, dubbed the “Domestication and Breeding Licenses for Wild Animals,” would add two new licenses for wild animal use: in circuses and in “production and business,” according to those who have seen the official documents. This is in addition to three existing licenses, they said: rescue and protection, scientific research and popular science education.

The Forestry Administration first presented the proposals to the public for comment on online forums on Nov. 20, but will stop soliciting opinions on Friday. On Monday, representatives of animal rights groups and academics held a seminar in the Ministry of Environmental Protection’s Center for Environmental Education and Communications to air their views. No officials were present.
“These things — animal circuses and the trade in wild animals — have long existed and now they’re saying, let’s manage them better. So the government may mean to regulate and control it, but in the process it is legalizing it,” said Jin Yipeng, a professor at China Agricultural University in Beijing and a trained veterinarian, said after the event. “It’s a step backwards.”
Animal welfare advocates, he said, fear the move reflects simple commercial greed. “People can make money out of this,” Mr. Jin said.
The Chinese government is under growing pressure from major traditional Chinese medicine companies to increase the number of bears kept in farms where their bile is extracted as a pharmaceutical ingredient.
“The government can’t get away from seeing wild animals as a resource,” rather than a category of life that should be protected, said one animal welfare advocate who declined to give his name.
Article 1 of the proposed regulations states that they aim “to protect, develop and reasonably use the resource of wild animals, strengthen the domestication and breeding of wild animals, and protect the legal rights of people and firms domesticating and breeding wild animals.”
Animal welfare advocates at the seminar said animal performances in circuses inevitably involve cruelty, and they showed photographs of bleeding and injured animals. The government stopped issuing news licenses for bear bile farms in 1993, they said, but animal welfare advocates fear this would formally ease restrictions that are already being informally breached. The government says there are 68 licensed farms operating today, holding thousands of bears.“We should be talking about protecting wild animals, but a lot of the points in the proposed regulations are about expanding their commercial use,” said Mang Ping, a professor at the Central Institute of Socialism who researches environmental ethics.
The proposals contradict China’s wild animal protection law, which does not mention circuses or commercialization, Ms. Mang said. And they violate the spirit of decisions emanating from both the 18th Communist Party Congress in 2012, and the recently concluded Third Plenum, which called for the “most strict” protection of the environment, she said.
“It’s quite unusual for the government to use the phrase ‘most strict,’ ” Ms. Mang said. “So one problem with these proposals is that they don’t fit with the law” or recent party decisions.



Jianan Yu/Reuters
一些已看到官方文件的人士透露,這項名為《國家重點保護野 生動物馴養繁殖許可證管理方法》的提案將新增兩項野生動物利用許可類別,一項是馬戲表演,另一項是「生產經營」。他們說,這兩項許可類別是在現有類別基礎 之上新增的,現有的三項許可類別是保護拯救、科學研究及科普教育。
狄雨霏(Didi Kirsten Tatlow)是《紐約時報》駐京記者。