2006年，褔特是美國三大車廠中唯一在金融風暴中未經政府紓困的廠商。在今年10月，廣告時代（Ad Age）評選褔特為年度最佳廣告主（Marketer of the Year），因該公司甘冒風險拒絕資產紓困計畫，2007年並且有智慧地任命豐田資深人才法利（James Farley）。同時，褔特亦認為，今年營收較上年度成長17％。
|Alan R. Mulally|
|Born||Alan Roger Mulally |
August 4, 1945 (1945-08-04)
Oakland, California, USA
|Residence||Dearborn, Michigan, USA|
|Alma mater||University of Kansas, |
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Occupation||President and CEO of Ford Motor Company|
|Salary||US$1.4 million salary + |
US$16.5 million other compensation (2009)
|Spouse||Jane "Nikki" Connell|
|Parents||Charles R. "Dick" Mulally |
Lauraine Lizette Clark Mulally
Alan Roger Mulally (born August 4, 1945) is an American engineer and businessman. He is currently the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Ford Motor Company. Ford, which had been struggling during the late-2000s recession, returned to profitability under Mulally and was the only major car manufacturer to avoid government-sponsored bankruptcy.
Mulally was previously executive vice president of Boeing and the CEO of Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA). He began his career with Boeing as an engineer in 1969. Mulally was largely credited with BCA's resurgence against Airbus in the mid-2000s.
Mulally was born in Oakland, California to Charles R. "Dick" Mulally and Lauraine Lizette Clark, who met at a USO dance. Mulally grew up in his mother's hometown of Lawrence, Kansas, where he was a member of Plymouth Congregational Church. He considered Rev. Dale Turner "a mentor and an inspiration." He used to sit at the front of the church to study the minister's influence on the congregation. Mulally said that he found himself motivated at the age of 17 by president John F. Kennedy's challenge to send a man to the moon. He has three sons and two daughters by his wife, Jane "Nicki" Connell.
Mulally graduated from the University of Kansas, also his mother's alma mater, in 1969 with Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in aeronautical and astronautical engineering. He is an alumnus of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity and is its 2007 Man of the Year. He received a Master's degree in Management (S.M.) as a Sloan Fellow from the MIT Sloan School of Management in 1982.
Mulally was hired by Boeing immediately out of college in 1969 as an engineer. He held a number of engineering and program management positions, making contributions to the Boeing 727, 737, 747, 757, 767 and 777 projects. He led the cockpit design team on the 757/767 project. Its revolutionary design featured the first all-digital flight deck in a commercial aircraft, the first two man crew for long range aircraft, and a common type rating for pilots on two different aircraft. He worked on the 777 program first as director of engineering and, from September 1992, as vice-president and general manager.
He was later named as Vice President of Engineering for the commercial airplane group. He is known and recognized for elevating Phil Condit's "Working Together"-philosophy through and beyond the 777-program. In 1994, Mulally was promoted to senior vice president of Airplane Development and was in charge of all airplane development activities, flight test operations, certification, and government technical liaison. In 1997, Mulally became the president of the Information, Space & Defense Systems and senior vice president. He held this position until 1998 when he was made president of Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Chief Executive Officer duties were added in 2001.
Following the forced resignations of Phil Condit in 2003 and Harry Stonecipher in 2005, Mulally was considered one of the leading internal candidates for the CEO position. When Mulally was passed over in both instances, questions were raised about whether he would remain with the company.
Ford Motor Company
Mulally was named the President and CEO of Ford Motor Company on September 5, 2006, succeeding William Clay Ford, Jr., who remained as Executive Chairman of the company's Board of Directors. Mulally was criticized for calling his Lexus LS430 the 'finest car in the world', just as Ford was about to announce his selection as CEO. William Clay Ford Jr. had been searching for his successor as Ford CEO for some time, with DaimlerChrysler's Dieter Zetsche and Carlos Ghosn of Renault/Nissan Motors both turning down the offer.
One of Mulally's first decisions at Ford was to bring back the Taurus nameplate. He said that he could not understand why the company previously scrapped the Taurus, which had been one of the company's best sellers until losing ground in the late 1990s.
Mulally took over "The Way Forward" restructuring plan at Ford to turn-around its massive losses and declining market share. Mulally's cost cutting initiatives led to the company's first profitable quarter in two years. Dividends to shareholders were also suspended.
In 2006, Mulally led the effort for Ford to borrow US$23.6 billion by mortgaging all of Ford's assets. Mulally said that he intended to use the money to finance a major overhaul and provide “a cushion to protect for a recession or other unexpected event."  At the time the loan was interpreted as a sign of desperation, but is now widely credited with stabilizing Ford's financial position, compared to crosstown rivals General Motors and Chrysler, both of whom had gone bankrupt during the Automotive industry crisis of 2008–2009. Ford was the only one of the Detroit Three that has not asked for a government loan. While GM and Chrysler expect to be dramatically downsized as a result of bankruptcy, Ford is poised to emerge as the largest US automaker and shows signs of recovery. In May 2009, Ford chairman William Clay Ford, who hired Mulally, said that "Alan was the right choice [to be CEO], and it gets more right every day".
In 2007, he presided over the sale of Jaguar Cars and Land Rover to Tata Motors, an Indian car and truck manufacturer. Mulally said he had "no regrets" over the sale, preferring to concentrate on the Ford brand, as then-CEO Jacques Nasser was criticized in 2001 for paying too much attention to new overseas acquisitions while letting the main Ford operations in the US decline. Ford received $2.3 billion USD on the sale, considerably below what they paid for it under Nasser. However, analysts said that Ford would have gotten much less or may not have found a buyer if they tried to sell it later in 2008, as Jaguar Land Rover sales subsequently plummeted due to high oil prices in the summer, causing Tata to request a bailout from the British government. Mulally also sold off Aston Martin and Volvo Cars, and reduced Ford's stake in Mazda.
In 2008, amid mounting losses during an economic downturn, Ford announced a proposal on December 2, 2008 to cut Mulally's salary to $1 per year if government loans were received and used by Ford. During hearings for government loans to Ford, he and other industry leaders were criticized for flying to Washington, D.C. in corporate jets. During a subsequent meeting, he traveled from Detroit to Washington by a Ford-built hybrid electric vehicle, while selling all but one of the company's corporate jets.
In 2008, Mulally earned a total compensation of $13,565,378, which included a base salary of $2,000,000, stock awards of $1,849,241, and option awards of $8,669,747. His total compensation decreased by 37.4% compared to 2007.
Due to his achievements at Ford, he was included in the 2009 Time 100 list. The entry, written by Steve Ballmer, says, "[Mulally] understands the fundamentals of business success as well as any business leader I know."
On February 2, 2009, WOOD-TV News in Grand Rapids reported that Mulally personally called Michael Snapper, a customer who recently chose to purchase a Ford Fusion Hybrid over the Toyota Prius that he originally intended to buy. He left a voicemail on Michael's mobile saying a personal thank you from the CEO.
He lives within three miles of his office at Ford's global headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, arrives at 5:15 AM every morning, and works for twelve hours. He has a meeting with Ford's executives, called a "Business Plan Review" every Thursday at 8:00 AM in the "Thunderbird Room" at Ford Headquarters. At a "town meeting" of information technology staffers in February 2007, Mulally said, "We have been going out of business for 40 years", Mulally told a group of 100 information technology staffers at a "town meeting" and has repeated this message to employee groups.
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- ^ "Alan R. Mulally profile". Forbes. http://people.forbes.com:80/profile/alan-r-mulally/115574. Retrieved 2010-09-16.
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- ^ a b c "Executive Biographies: Alan Mulally". Boeing. 2006-05. Archived from the original on 2006-08-31. http://web.archive.org/web/20060831153720/http://www.boeing.com/companyoffices/aboutus/execprofiles/mulally.html. Retrieved 2006-09-05.
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- ^ "Boeing names 3M's McNerney new CEO". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. June 30, 2005. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/230719_boeing30.html. Retrieved 2006-09-05.
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- ^ What your CEO drives says a lot, USA Today, December 12, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-12-05.
- ^ New Ford CEO admits to driving a Lexus LS430, Motor Authority. Retrieved on 2008-12-05.
- ^ Ford execs compare Taurus to Homer Simpson, MSNBC, January 29, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-12-04.
- ^ Wilson, Amy (2006-10-30). "Way Forward, version 3, is on the way". AutoWeek. http://www.autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061031/FREE/61030012/1024. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
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- ^ Ford Family's Cash Faucet Goes Dry Suspension of Dividend Cuts Off a Strong Annuity For Auto Maker's Founders, Wall Street Journal, September 16, 2006. Retrieved on 2008-12-04.
- ^ Vlasic, Bill (April 8, 2009). "Choosing Its Own Path, Ford Stayed Independent". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/09/business/09ford.html?scp=5&sq=vlasic%20mullally%20debt%20ford&st=cse. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
- ^ a b "Ford Focus". Forbes. 2008-12-16. http://www.forbes.com/business/2008/12/15/autos-ford-mulally-biz-manufacturing-cz_jf_1216flint.html. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- ^ Mulally: Ford has no regrets on selling Jaguar, Land Rover, EGM Cartech, October 7, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-12-04.
- ^ Isidore, Chris (2008-12-02). "Big Three want more money in bailout". Money. http://money.cnn.com/2008/12/02/news/companies/automakers_plans/. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
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- ^ "Alan Mulally's Compensation in 2008". The Globe Opinion. http://www.theglobeopinion.com/compensation/alan-mulally. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
- ^ Ballmer, Steve (2009-04-30). "The 2009 Time 100: Alan Mulally". Time. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1894410_1893837_1894182,00.html. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
- ^ Geha, Suzanne (2009-02-02). "Ford CEO personally thanks GR buyer". WOOD-TV. http://www.woodtv.com/dpp/news/Ford_CEO_personally_thanks_GR_buyer. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- ^ Kiley, David (2007-06-04). "The New Heat On Ford". Bloomberg Businessweek. http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/07_23/b4037036.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
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