据美国汽车贸易政策委员会(American Automotive Policy Council)的数据，美国每年约向中国出口3万辆汽车，其中“美国三大”——通用汽车、克莱斯勒和福特约占7000至9000辆。
CHINA TO INVESTIGATE US CAR SUBSIDIES
China is preparing to launch a trade investigation into whether US carmakers are being unfairly subsidised by the US government, according to people familiar with the matter.
The move comes at a time of heightened trade tensions between the two countries after the US imposed duties on Chinese tyres last month. Many warned this would prompt Beijing to retaliate.
Few vehicles are actually exported from the US to China, but the move would have symbolic power by turning the tables on Washington.
US labour groups have long accused Beijing of unfairly subsidising its exporters. However, through a “countervailing duties” investigation, China would assess whether the US was open to the same charge. The investigation could lead to import duties.
The US exports about 30,000 vehicles to China, according to the American Automotive Policy Council, of which the Big Three – GM, Chrysler and Ford – account for 7,000 to 9,000.
General Motors and Chrysler have received about $60bn in government bail-out funds, though Ford has received nothing.
Washington has also provided substantial aid to US and foreign carmakers, as well as parts suppliers, to encourage investment in “green” technology.
China has already told the US that it has received a petition for an investigation, which people familiar with the matter said it would formally launch on Wednesday. Before that, the two countries will negotiate. Top US government officials are already in China for trade talks this week, and Barack Obama, US president, is due to visit the country next month.
World Trade Organisation rules require China to invite the US to consult on the countervailing duty petition before initiating any investigation in an effort to find a resolution to the concerns.
Stephen Collins, president of the American Automotive Policy Council – the trade council for the Big Three – said he was told about the investigation on Tuesday. “The US government called me yesterday and asked me to arrange a meeting of the three companies immediately,” he said.
China has received an anti-dumping petition as well, which asks for investigation into whether US car exports are being sold at unfairly low pries.